Today in History: 31st October

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Historical Events:

• 1952: 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands.
• 2006: P.W. Botha (90), former state president of South Africa who took the first steps to change some apartheid measures, dies at his home in Wilderness, Western Cape.
• 1980: Julian Nott sets world hot-air balloon altitude record (16,806 m).
• 2000: The last Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) machine was shut down.
• 2012: The New York stock exchange opens after being closed for two days after Hurricane Sandy.

Arts, Music, TV:

• 1981: 1st live US radio drama in 25 years (Halloween Story on NBC).
• 1983: Paul McCartney releases "Pipes of Peace" album.
• 1993: "Wonderful Tennessee" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 9 perfs.
• 2000: Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915) dies.
• 1993: Rapper Tupac Shakur charged with aggravated assault.

Sports:

• 1907: Calgary City Rugby Football Club’s 1st game defeating Strathcona Rugby Foot-ball Club 15-0 at Calgary.
• 1973: Cobus Visagie, SA rugby Springbok, is born in Stellenbosch.
• 1985: Last day in Test cricket for Zaheer Abbas.
• 1988: 1st Monday Night NFL game in Indianapolis, Colts beat Denver 55-23.
• 1992: Don Keller makes his 18,000th sky diver.

Source: historyorb.com & sahistory.org.com
Compiled by: Thandi Xaba